Buddha Purnima or Buddha Jayanti is the biggest festival of Buddhists throughout the world. Lord Buddha was born on the day of Buddha Purnima and that is also the day of his knowledge and attainment of Mahaparinirvan (death). This festival is celebrated on the full moon day of Vaisakha month. Let us know about the precious life of Lord Buddha and his teachings.
Lord Buddha was born in 563 BC Kapilavastu had a place called Lumbini at the place. Buddha’s childhood name was Siddhartha. His father’s name was Shrudhan and mother’s name was Maydevi. It is prevalent about them that once Buddha came out of the house, he saw a very sick person when he went a little further, he saw an old man and in the end, he saw a dead person. Seeing all these scenes, he got a question in his mind that if I am sick, I will get old and I will die! These questions made them very upset. Only when he saw a monk, and at the same time, he resolved to accept his mind.
At the age of 29, he left home and became a monk by accepting retirement. Mahatma Buddha underwent a peepal tree under strict austerity for six years in search of wisdom, where he had knowledge of the truth which was called “Sambodhi”. That peepal tree is said to be the Bodhi tree since then. The place where Mahatma Buddha attained perception or knowledge was called Bodh Gaya. Mahatma Buddha gave his first preacher in Sarnath and he established Buddhism. 483 BC In Kushinagar, on the day of Baishakh Purnima, the Amrit soul became absorbed in the human body in the non-Brahmand. This phenomenon is called ‘Mahaparinirvana’.
Buddha has preached four Aryan truths and according to Buddhism, four main truths (four Arya truths) should always be remembered. These truths are the basis of Buddhism which is as follows: –
1. There is sadness in the world.
2. The main cause of grief is thirst (intense desire).
3. A community of sorrows.
4. There is a way to avoid suffering.
For the end of grief, a man should be familiar with the highways which Mahatma Buddha has called the Ashtangaik Marg in which he has included eight things: –
1. Acupuncture, 2. The equal resolution, 3 Sanyakvak, 4. Samyukkam, 5 Time Life, 6. Exercise 7. Samyak Smriti 8 Time Session
According to Lord Buddha, to live a holy life, the man should avoid both types of excess. Neither should he perform extreme penance nor should he be engaged in worldly pleasures, he has emphasized the importance of the middle path. Buddha did not consider both God and spirit, he always used to say to his disciples that he has not established any new religion and this religion is always running from religion itself. He explained his thoughts to people in his own language (Prakrit). Mahatma Buddha established Buddhist associations in which men and women of all castes were given admission. The Buddhist Union was a very disciplined and democratic organization. The teachings of Buddhism have been collected in three texts called “Tripitik”. Buddha has described caste, caste, discrimination and religious complexity incorrectly.
Let us remember Lord Buddha on the holy occasion of Buddha Purnima and try to follow the path shown by him.